1/ Mapped: All of Europe’s coal plants

Where is your closest coal power plant, and how dirty is it? Click on the dot to explore the coal plant in Google Maps.

2/ Their health impact

Coal is the most polluting of all energy sources, causing a number of chronic conditions such as strokes, heart attacks, and chronic lung disease, causing additional health costs and ultimately shortens people’s lives. Here are the results of our modelling, based on actual 2015 emissions of all EU’s coal power plants.

Keep scrolling down to find the full methodology.

3/ Their CO2 impact

In 2015, 18% of the EU's greenhouse gas emissions came from the chimneys of just 284 coal power plants.

The width of the bars represents the overall GHG emissions of a country.

The graph uses the latest available UNFCCC data (published by the European Environmental Protection Agency, EEA) and data from the EU Emissions Transaction Log, a tool that reports emissions for facilities that are regulated by the EU emissions trading scheme (EU-ETS). It includes the emissions of all coal plants operational in 2015, including plants that have retired by now.

The graph does not show emissions by the following EU member states: Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, and Malta. These countries do not have coal in their current electricity mix.

4/ Impact by country

How much pollution does each country produce with its coal power plants? And how does your country compare to other countries (as share of EU total from coal power plants)?

5/ Impact by company

So far, utilities have been slow to close their coal plants. Will these companies take responsibility and retire these coal plants soon?

6/ New coal threat

There are still new coal power projects planned, but it is not too late to stop them. Here are all the coal projects currently in the early stages of development.

The graphic shows all projects in the pre-construction development pipeline taken from the Global Coal Plant Tracker (status July 2017). A project is equal to a single unit. Projects under construction are not listed here. To see them, please go to the main map and tick “Plants under construction.”

7/ Coal phaseout plans

What are governments planning to do to ensure a just, ambitious, and managed phaseout of coal?

8/ Plant retirements

Coal plants are retiring one-by-one, and government coal phaseout announcements mean there should be more retirements on the way. However, a massive step-change is needed for Europe to go beyond coal.

Data sources and methodology

Plant parameters:

Every data point at unit level has been individually researched and sourced. Types of sources include official plant lists of government bodies, permits, company websites, company reports, news articles, and tenders. In a few cases utilities or authorities were called directly or on-site visits were undertaken.

New coal project data comes from the Global Coal Plant Tracker, July 2017.


Emissions data (EU only):

CO2 emissions: EU Emissions Trading System data fromEuropean Union Transaction Log (EUTL)

Pollutants: Reported data on large combustion plants covered by Directive 2001/80/EC ( Large Combustion Plants Directive – LCPD) and European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR)


Health data (EU only) and associated economic impacts:

The methodology for modelling the health impacts and associated costs of coal pollution is almost identical to: Europe’s Dark Cloud – How coal-burning countries are making their neighbours sick. A high level summary of this methodology, including any changes we have made compared to the original report (to incorporate the most recently available data), is available on the website for download.

Download European Coal Plant Database

This is the raw data on which these tools have been built. It is the most comprehensive, up-to-date set of data on the entire European coal power plant fleet, covering all EU-28, Western Balkans, and Turkey. All information comes from a combination of official sources and national campaign groups and is provided under an open source “share alike” license. The datatool will be updated on a continual basis.


Europe Beyond Coal does its best to deliver a high quality of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound judgement. It is based on all relevant data known of by the collaborators of Europe Beyond Coal, but may not be exhaustive, and there may exist further or updated information that they were not aware of. Europe Beyond Coal makes no warranties, and shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database.