The Europe Beyond Coal campaign maintains a database with information on all major coal power plants covering EU-27 + UK, Turkey, and all countries in the Western Balkans.
This crowd-sourced repository includes key information like capacity, commissioning year, ownership, status, geodata, historic emissions of CO2 and pollutants, modelled plant-level health impacts on population caused by pollutants and more. Minimum plant size is 15 MWe.
We update the data quarterly. This is a crowd-sourced effort and your input on changes and potential bugs is highly appreciated.